By Sharlyn Lauby
These include structured social affiliations and institutions such as private and public clubs, lodges and churches as well as communications technologies such as postal and courier systems, telegraphs and telephones. These early computer social networks were systems that grew up organically, typically as ways of exploiting commercial, academic or other institutional software for more broadly social purposes.
In contrast, Web 2.
Most notably, Web 2. Among the first websites to employ the new standards explicitly for general social networking purposes were Orkut, MySpace, LinkedIn, Friendster, Bebo, Habbo and Facebook.
More recent and specific trends in online social networking include the rise of sites dedicated to media sharing YouTube, Flickr, Instagram, Vinemicroblogging Tumblr, Twitterlocation-based networking Foursquare, Loopt, Yelp, YikYak and interest-sharing Pinterest.
While Computer and Information Ethics certainly accommodates an interdisciplinary approach, the direction and problems of that field have largely been defined by philosophically-trained scholars. Yet this has not been the early pattern for the ethics of social networking.
Consequently, those philosophers who have turned their attention to social networking and ethics have had to decide whether to pursue their inquiries independently, drawing only from traditional philosophical resources in applied computer ethics and the philosophy of technology, or to develop their views in consultation with the growing body of empirical data and conclusions already being generated by other disciplines.
While this entry will primarily confine itself to reviewing existing philosophical research on social networking ethics, links between those researches and studies in other disciplinary contexts continue to be highly significant. Early Philosophical Concerns about Online Social Networks Among the first philosophers to take an interest in the ethical significance of social uses of the Internet were phenomenological philosophers of technology Albert Borgmann and Hubert Dreyfus.
While Borgmann and Dreyfus were primarily responding to the immediate precursors of Web 2.
But he goes on to claim that online social environments are themselves ethically deficient: If everyone is indifferently present regardless of where one is located on the globe, no one is commandingly present.
Those who become present via a communication link have a diminished presence, since we can always make them vanish if their presence becomes burdensome.
Moreover, we can protect ourselves from unwelcome persons altogether by using screening devices…. The extended network of hyperintelligence also disconnects us from the people we would meet incidentally at concerts, plays and political gatherings.
As it is, we are always and already linked to the music and entertainment we desire and to sources of political information.
This immobile attachment to the web of communication works a twofold deprivation in our lives. It cuts us off from the pleasure of seeing people in the round and from the instruction of being seen and judged by them.
It robs us of the social resonance that invigorates our concentration and acumen when we listen to music or watch a play. But the world that is hyperintelligently spread out before us has lost its force and resistance.
This model, known as technological determinism, represents technology as an independent driver of social and cultural change, shaping human institutions, practices and values in a manner largely beyond our control. For example, Borgmann is charged with ignoring the fact that physical reality does not always enable or facilitate connection, nor does it do so equally for all persons.Understanding the Legal Issues for Social Networking Sites and Their Users.
view or search for. If the site does this, however, it could amount to a financial benefit directly attributable to the sharing of copyrighted materials.
Legal Considerations for Social Networking Users.
II. BENEFITS OF SOCIAL MEDIA Social networking forums such as Facebook, MySpace, and Twitter all share information with a large number of Internet users. 72% of online adults have a profile page on a social networking site, a number that is in stark contrast to a study where only 5% of adults used social networking sites.
Legal queries raised center around issues of copyright and privacy. Current laws fail to directly address social media, and discussions and conflicts regarding their legal standing are ongoing in the courts.
As legal battles over social media continue, laws and legal implications are subject to change. Studies to date have included evaluation of health information within the YouTube videos, 5 assessment of YouTube as a medical teaching tool, 6 and use of YouTube to evaluate an individual's behavior or even symptoms.
7 LinkedIn is a social networking site (SNS) that allows profile owners to share employment and personal information with others. Oct 17, · Ethical Issues in Social Media Social media is generally portrayed as a positive thing amongst society but I think people tend to forget the ethical concerns behind social networking.
What’s even more worrying is that young people are probably the most vulnerable when it comes to using social . The process of developing a social media strategy tied to specific business processes and goals will enlighten companies as to the legal implications of their use of social networking.
While there may be certain legal concerns baked into “social media” in general, many of the legal risks will arise based on the specific business process and goals surrounding the use of social media.