Initially used to describe a happy-go-lucky character capable of battling through hard times, the term was employed after World War II to distinguish those born domestically from "new" immigrants from western and southern Europe.
Description[ edit ] Child with flag Various modern cultural studies and social theories have investigated cultural identity and understanding.
In recent decades, a new form of identification has emerged which breaks down the understanding of the individual as a coherent whole subject into a collection of various cultural identifiers. These cultural identifiers may be the result of various conditions including: Sometimes these contradictions are destructive, but they can also be creative and positive.
As a "historical reservoir," culture is an important factor in shaping identity. Cultural identities are influenced by several different factors such as ones religionancestry, skin colour, language, classeducation, profession, skill, family and political attitudes.
We may be teachers, students, friends, bosses, employees, etc. How we act and how our schemas contribute to our positions are the building blocks of your overall cultural identity. The surroundings, the environment, the people in these places play a factor in how one feels about the culture they wish to adopt.
Many immigrants find the need to change their culture in order to fit into the culture of most citizens in the country.
Some might be able to adjust to the various cultures in the world by committing to two or more cultures. It is not required to stick to one culture. Many people socialize and interact with people in one culture in addition to another group of people in another culture.
Thus cultural identity is able to take many forms and can change depending on the cultural area.
The nature of the impact of cultural arena has changed with the advent of the Internet, bringing together groups of people with shared cultural interests who before would have been more likely to integrate into their real world cultural arena. This plasticity is what allows people to feel like part of society wherever they go.
This tends to allow people to share a way of life that generally links individuals in a certain culture that is identified by the people of that group. The affluence of communication that comes along with sharing a language promotes connections and roots to ancestors and cultural histories.
Language also includes the way people speak with peers, family members, authority figures, and strangers, including the tone and familiarity that is included in the language. Language learning process can also be affected by cultural identity via the understanding of specific words, and the preference for specific words when learning and using a second language.
Education[ edit ] Kevin McDonough pointed out, in his article, several factors concerning support or rejection of the government for different cultural identity education systems.
During Marchthe two authors, Linda D. Labbo and Sherry L. Field collected several useful books and resources to promote multicultural education in South Africa.
Dina Birman and Edison Trickett conducted a qualitative study through informal interviews with first-generation Soviet Jewish Refugee adolescents looking at the process of acculturation through three different dimensions: In a similar study, Phinney, Horencyzk, Liebkind, and Vedder focused on a model, which concentrates on the interaction between immigrant characteristics and the responses of the majority society in order to understand the psychological effects of immigration.
The researchers concluded that most studies find that being bicultural, having a combination of having a strong ethnic and national identity, yields the best adaptation in the new country of residence.
An article by LaFromboise, L. Colemna, and Gerton, reviews the literature on the impact of being bicultural. Educators can assume their positions of power in beneficially impactful ways for immigrant students, by providing them with access to their native cultural support groups, classes, after—school activities, and clubs in order to help them feel more connected to both native and national cultures.
Biculturalism can allow for a healthy adaptation to life and school. Comparing three groups of 16 school districts, the loss was greater where the transition was from sixth grade than from a K-8 system. It was also greater when students from multiple elementary schools merged into a single middle school.
Students from both K-8 and middle schools lost achievement in transition to high school, though this was greater for middle school students, and high school dropout rates were higher for districts with grades middle schools than for those with K-8 elementary schools.
Phinney Three-Stage Model of Ethnic Identity Development is a widely accepted view of the formation of cultural identity. In this model cultural Identity is often developed through a three-stage process: Usually a person in this stage accepts the ideas they find on culture from their parents, the media, community, and others.
An example of thought in this stage:The rebirth of the Australian arts and cultural identity in the s, paving the way for the international success of our artists and actors today.
And in their own special way, the extraordinary. ‘Comedy is central to Australian cultural identity. The history of Australian comedy and the distinctly Australian humour, reflects the country’s search for a national identity based on both Australia's convict origins and the convict sense of humour and also Australia’s physical characteristics’.
Culture & Identity of Australia. Introduction. The ways of life between the aboriginals in the "outback" and the ethnic Europeans in Sydney differ about as much as any two ways of life on this planet. Identity. The people of Australia generally identify as being "Australian," but many of the minority groups and recent immigrants identify in numerous other ways, most commonly with their ethnic identity.
Likewise, most of the Aboriginals identify in a way that reflects their ethnic roots. Cultural identity is the identity or feeling of belonging to a group. It is part of a person's self-conception and self-perception and is related to nationality, ethnicity, religion, social class, generation, locality or any kind of social group that has its own distinct culture.
The Australian soldier served Australia proudly and with their return to Australian shores came the recognition that Australian was at last a nation.
The Soul of a Nation, The Australian Identity .