The spread of the religion of islam in north africasouthwest asia

As we have seen, Arab traders and sailors regularly visited the ports of Southeast Asia long before they converted to Islam. Initially the region was little more than a middle ground, where the Chinese segment of the great Euroasian trading complex met the Indian Ocean trading zone to the west. At ports on the coast of the Malayan peninsula, east Sumatra, and somewhat later north Java, goods from China were transferred from East Asian vessels to Arab or Indian ships, and products from as far west as Rome were loaded into the emptied Chinese ships to be carried to East Asia. By the 7th and 8th centuries A.

The spread of the religion of islam in north africasouthwest asia

Muslim teacher with moral authority, not no political power jihad: In other words, all of the people who invaded Egypt around the year shared at least one motivation- -the spread of the true religion. Islam introduced a new concept of universalism.

Note that the first adherents of Islam were desert dwellers on the edge of two large empires.

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It was entirely logical that their first expansion would be into another desert area the Sahara located away from the major powers.

It was a trading center on a caravan route that prospered when war between the Persian and Byzantine Empires interrupted sea trade between Mediterranean and India. Travel along this route was controlled by the Quraysh, an extended family which had both nomadic and sedentary members.

Mohammed was born in the Hashim clan of the Quraysh about The Hashim were sedentary residents of Mecca, another town on the overland caravan route. Mohammed married well and prospered as a merchant until by the early 7th century, he was a leading citizen of Mecca.

Inwhile resting in a cave, Mohammed heard a voice that he believed came from an all-powerful diety. The voice offered instructions on how to purify religion. In the town of Mecca, there was a religious site called Kabaa, marked by a strange black rock, but throughout the region, there were many other religions including Judaism, Byzantine Christianity, and Persian Zoroastrianism.

Mohammed began to speak about his instructions in Mecca, and was expelled in by a coalition of forces led by priests of the Kabaa. Mohammed left Mecca and followed the caravan route to Medina. At the time, Medina was a fairly wild place compared to. Its economy was booming thanks to the thriving caravan trade, and its population included various ethnic groups who resided in their own neighborhoods.

The spread of the religion of islam in north africasouthwest asia

There does not seem to have been a town government inbecause while the leaders of each ethnic group could settle disputes among its own members, there was no peaceful way to settle disputes between members of different ethnic groups.

After Mohammed arrived, he showed himself to be a fair judge of disputes and during the next eight years, he became an influential citizen of Medina.

E. Three Religions of Southwest Asia - ParkerPedia

The teachings of Islam: Mohammed did not leave behind a written version of his teachings. Mohammed spoke to a lot of people, however, and fortunately, many of his listeners recorded his words. Over time, their contributions were assembled into a book of scripture called the Quran.

The main reforms introduced by Islam included the idea of submission to a single universal diety monotheism and a possibility of a direct relationship between each human and the diety personal religion. In practice, Islam created a greatly simplified religion. For instance, there were no saints, no sacrements, no official clergy and no religious buildings.

World Regional Geography Notes

Instead, people who learned the most about Islam taught other people, and religious rituals could take place almost anywhere. A practicing Muslim was required to do only five things: If not, then hell was divided into boiling water and the abyss of fire, populated by angels whose job was to torture sinners who were condemned there.

What is the relationship of Islam to earlier monotheisms like Judaism and Christianity? Abu Bakr supported his authority by unleasing jihad against the Byzantine and Persian empires to the north, and was aided when peasants in the provinces revolted and joined the Muslim invasion.

After Abu Bakr died inOmar took over the jihad and it continued, conquering Damascas inJerusalem inthe Byzantine fortress of Babylon Cairo inAlexandria inand the entire Persian empire by Members of the powerful Umayyid family the family of Umar of Mecca took over in and founded a dynasty that lasted until They reached Tunisia by and constructed their main base inland at Kairawan south of Tuniswhere it was safe from both water-born Christian Byzantines and inland Berbers of mountain and desert.

Why do you suppose the response of the coastal and inland Berbers was different? Coastal Berbers who resented centralized Christianity converted readily to Islam, but interior Berbers resisted Islam as strongly as they resisted Christianity.

Coastal Berbers joined the Muslim invasion and launched the attack into Spain, followed later by Ummayyid Arab forces after the success of the invasion was certain. ByMuslim forces controlled everything south of the Pyrennees mountains modern border between France and Spain.

Inan expedition across the mountains was turned back from Poitiers after it suffered defeat at the hands of a Frankish army led by Charles Martel, the grandfather of Charlemagne.

What impact did this have on European history? The North African coastal territories provided points of departure for Muslim expansion southward across the Sahara Desert. However, the Muslim world was stretched out over an enormous distance, making it difficult to maintain a centralized government.

The new ruling dynasty, the Abbassids, were more interested in eastern expansion, so the spread of Islam in Africa slowed. The new dynasty moved the capital from Damascas located near the Mediterranean coast to Baghdad located on the Tigris River which drains into the Persian Gulf and thence to the Indian Ocean.The spread of Islam in Africa began in the 7th to 9th century, brought to North Africa initially under the Umayyad Dynasty.

Extensive trade networks throughout North and West Africa created a medium through which Islam spread peacefully, initially through the merchant class. North Africa/Southwest Asia "Dry World" "Islamic World" States and Nations Islam and other Religions The Geography of Oil's Impact Routes of Diffusion Religious Revivalism This realm is sometimes called the Dry World because of.

The spread of the religion of islam in north africasouthwest asia

North Africa/Southwest Asia (also known as the Mideast) is an excellent example of a region: although is made up of countries on two continents, it is still considered a region because the people in the area share many things, especially religion.

Chapter Six Geography study guide by ali_minor includes 36 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. The dominant religion of North Africa/Southwest Asia is.

Islam. Into what part of Europe had islam spread by the seventh century CE? Iberian Peninsula. The first three caliphs of Islam were chosen in consultation with the elders and leaders of the Islamic community, and a pattern was established for selecting the caliph from the Karaysh tribe of Mecca.

Lecture on "Islam in North Africa" by Jim Jones, West Chester University of all of the people who invaded Egypt around the year shared at least one motivation- -the spread of the true religion.

Islam introduced a new concept of universalism. but also southeast Asia. Specifically, 1) factions in the center were reproduced in the.

Islam in Southeast Asia - Wikipedia